文章摘要
詹雪,张俊霞.武汉城市圈旅游发展判识及空间体系建构[J].国土资源科技管理,2020,37(4):12-23
武汉城市圈旅游发展判识及空间体系建构
Identification of Tourism Development and Construction of Space System in Wuhan City Circle
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 旅游生态位  空间结构  长江中游城市群  武汉城市圈
英文关键词: tourism niche  spatial structure  urban agglomeration in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River  Wuhan City Circle
基金项目:
作者单位
詹雪 中国地质大学(武汉)经济管理学院湖北武汉430070 
张俊霞 中国地质大学(武汉)经济管理学院湖北武汉430070 
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中文摘要:
      旅游空间结构和布局是区域旅游规划的重要组成部分,也是实现区域旅游可持续发展战略的重要保证。选取武汉城市圈作为研究对象,以生态位理论为基础,运用生态位态势模型和聚类分析法,对武汉城市圈各生态单元进行旅游生态位测评。研究发现:(1)根据武汉城市圈旅游生态位的得分情况,可以将武汉城市圈区域范围内的城市划分三类,第一类为核心城市武汉,第二类为崛起型旅游城市,包括黄冈、咸宁、孝感和黄石,第三类为旅游发展滞后型城市,包括鄂州、天门、仙桃和潜江;(2)武汉城市圈整体呈现“一心一环一片”的旅游空间发展格局,其中武汉起着核心引领作用,黄冈、咸宁等城市起连接枢纽作用,鄂州、天门、仙桃等城市处于旅游发展的初级阶段;(3)基于各城市旅游生态位因子的得分情况,提出了旅游生态位分离和扩充策略,以增加旅游生态单元的综合竞争力。
英文摘要:
      The spatial structure and layout of tourism is the key content of regional tourism planning,and it is also an important guarantee for formulating regional tourism development strategies and realizing the sustainable development of regional tourism.Based on the niche theory,this paper,took Wuhan City Circle as the research object,aimed to evaluate the niche of each ecological unit in Wuhan Metropolitan Area by means of the niche situation model and cluster analysis method.The study found:(1)according to the score of tourism niche,the cities within the scope of Wuhan City Circle can be divided into three categories,the first category is Wuhan,the core city;the second category is the rising tourism cities of Huanggang,Xianning,Xiaogan and Huangshi;the third category is the lag type tourism cities of Ezhou,Tianmen,Xiantao and Qianjiang;(2)Wuhan city circle as a whole presents the tourism spatial pattern of “one core,one ring and one area”,in which Wuhan plays a core leading role,and cities such as Huanggang and Xianning play a connecting role,Ezhou,Tianmen,Xiantao and other cities are in the initial stage of tourism development;(3)based on the scores of various factors of tourism niche,the strategy of separation and expansion of tourism niche is proposed to increase the comprehensive competitiveness of tourism ecological unit.
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