文章摘要
李会琴,谢雪莲,董晓晴.乡村旅游地农户生计脆弱性及其影响机理研究[J].国土资源科技管理,2019,36(4):35-47
乡村旅游地农户生计脆弱性及其影响机理研究
Study on the Vulnerability of Farmers Livelihoods in Rural Tourism Destinations and Its Influencing Mechanism
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 乡村旅游  可持续生计  脆弱性  武汉
英文关键词: rural tourism  sustainable livelihood  vulnerability  Wuhan
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA085);教育部人文社会科学规划基金(16YJA790018)
作者单位
李会琴 中国地质大学经济管理学院湖北武汉430074 
谢雪莲 中国地质大学经济管理学院湖北武汉430074 
董晓晴 中国地质大学经济管理学院湖北武汉430074 
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中文摘要:
      农户是乡村地区最基本的社会单元。降低农户生计脆弱性,提升其生计结果是实施乡村振兴战略的重要目标。在可持续生计和“暴露—敏感性—适应能力”分析框架的基础上,以武汉市黄陂区为例,构建乡村旅游地农户生计脆弱性评价指标体系,运用生计脆弱性指数分析农户参与旅游前后的生计脆弱度,探讨生计脆弱性影响因素和影响机理。研究发现,乡村旅游改变了农户传统的生计组合模式,促进了生计方式的重构和生计资本的改善,降低了农户生计脆弱性;户主年龄、家庭劳动力数量及生计方式数量对农户生计脆弱性指数有显著影响;但由于农户参与旅游后其生计环境仍存在一定风险,实现生计脆弱性稳定有效降低受到阻碍。最后,针对案例地农户生计脆弱性现状和影响机理,提出了降低农户生计脆弱性的对策建议。
英文摘要:
      Rural households are the most basic social units in rural areas.Reducing the vulnerability of farmerslivelihood and improving their livelihood outcomes are important goals of implementing rural revitalization strategy.Based on the analysis of sustainable livelihood and the analysis framework of “exposure sensitivity adaptive ability”,this paper takes Huangpi District of Wuhan City as an example to construct a vulnerability evaluation index system for rural households,analyze the livelihood vulnerability of farmersparticipation before and after tourism by using the livelihood vulnerability index,and explore the influencing factors and impact mechanisms of livelihood vulnerability.It is found that the development of rural tourism changes the traditional livelihood pattern of farmers,promotes the reconstruction of livelihood mode and the improvement of livelihood capital,thus reducing the vulnerability of their livelihood.The age of household head,the number of household labor force and the number of livelihood methods have significant influence on the livelihood vulnerability index of farmers. However,there are still some risks in the livelihood environment after their participation in tourism,which hinders the realization of the stability of livelihood vulnerability.Finally,the measures and suggestions for reducing the livelihood vulnerability of farmers are proposed according to the current situation and influencing mechanism of the livelihood vulnerability of farmers in Huangpi.
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