文章摘要
张雄,唐乎媞.乡村振兴战略背景下村域农业经营主体转换及影响因素分析[J].国土资源科技管理,2019,36(4):22-34
乡村振兴战略背景下村域农业经营主体转换及影响因素分析
Analysis on the Transformation of Agricultural Business Entities in Villages under the Background of Rural Revitalization Strategy and Its Influencing Factors
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 乡村振兴  农业经营主体  农户流转意愿  影响因素
英文关键词: rural revitalization  agricultural business entities  the willingness of farmers to transfer  influencing factors
基金项目:中央专项项目“乡村振兴战略中的生产用地模式重构与管理创新研究”(CST18006);国家社科基金重大项目“民族地区深度贫困大调查与贫困陷阱跨越策略研究”(18ZDA122);湖北省全面小康研究院2019年招标课题“湖北省乡村振兴战略背景下农地利用模式转变及对策研究”
作者单位
张雄 中南民族大学公共管理学院湖北武汉430070 
唐乎媞 中南民族大学公共管理学院湖北武汉430070 
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中文摘要:
      十九大报告提出乡村振兴战略,指出要坚持农业农村优先发展,加快推进农业农村现代化。在这种背景下,深入了解农村地区农业现代化的推进情况显得尤其重要。基于湖北省恩施州宣恩县万寨乡两个村组及湖南省岳阳市平江县安定镇4个村组共328位农户样本和50位规模承包户样本的调研数据,运用SPSS190回归分析中二元Logistic模型和多项Logistic模型,分别对农户流转意愿和有流转意愿农户的流转趋势及影响因素进行了详细的分析。模型一结果表明:农户年龄、家庭务农人口数和农业收入占比与农户流转意愿呈显著负相关;家庭非农就业人数和家庭总收入与农户流转意愿呈显著正相关。模型二结果表明:决定农户将农地流转给何种农业经营主体的主要影响因素为不同类型农业经营主体所能提供的利益期限。年龄较大、家庭务农人口数较多的农户往往更看重短期利益,更倾向于将农地流转给家庭农场;文化程度较高,家庭总收入较多的农户往往更看重长期利益,因此更愿意将农地流转给合作社和农业企业;对于农业收入占比较高的农户家庭,更愿意将农地流转给合作社与农业企业,因而获得更高更长远的经济效益。最后针对研究结论,提出应通过加强对农户的引导、提供更多获取就业信息的渠道、在当地发展不同类型的农业产业、培育新型农业经营主体等对策。
英文摘要:
      The report of the 19th CPC national congress puts forward the strategy of rural revitalization,and points out that we should adhere to the priority of the agricultural and rural development and accelerate the modernization of agricultural and rural areas.In this context,it is particularly important to have a deep understanding of the advancement of agricultural modernization in rural areas.Based on the research data of 328 farmers samples and 50 large scale contractor samples from two village groups in Wanzhai Township,Xuanen County,Enshi autonomous Prefecture,Hubei Province,and four village groups in Anding Township,Pingjiang County,Yueyang City,Hunan Province,using the binary Logistic model and multinomial Logistic models of SPSS19.0 regression analysis,this paper carefully analyzes the circulation trend and influencing factors of farmers' circulation willingness and farmers with desire to flow respectively.The results of model 1 show that the age of farmers,the number of farmer population and the proportion of agricultural income are significantly negatively correlated with the willingness of farmers to transfer while the number of non agricultural employment and total household income is significantly positively correlated with farmers' willingness to transfer.The results of Model 2 show that the main influencing factor that determines the farmland transfer of farmers to agricultural businesses entities is the period of interest provided by different types of agricultural businesses entities.Farmers who are older and have more family farming populations tend to pay more attention to short term benefits and they are more inclined to transfer farmland to family farms.Farmers with higher education and higher household income tend to value long term interests and they are more willing to transfer agricultural land to cooperatives and agricultural enterprises.Rural households with a higher proportion of agricultural income are more willing to transfer agricultural land to cooperatives and agricultural enterprises,thus obtaining higher and longer term economic benefits.Finally,according to the research conclusions,it is proposed that countermeasures should be strengthened by strengthening the guidance to farmers,providing more access to employment information,developing different types of agricultural industries in the local area,and cultivating new agricultural business entities.
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